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Elephant Butte Lake State Park–Rock Canyon

Birding in New Mexico

Elephant Butte Lake State Park
Rock Canyon

Elephant Butte, New Mexico 87935
Elephant Butte Lake State Park Important Bird Area
Elephant Butte Lake State Park webpage
Elephant Butte Lake State Park map
Elephant Butte Lake State Park trail map

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Sierra County

Elephant Butte Lake SP–Rock Canyon
Coordinates: 33.2257357, -107.2058963
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About Elephant Butte Lake State Park Important Bird Area
Elephant Butte Reservoir, the largest lake in New Mexico, is a large, deep reservoir with fluctuating water levels. Elephant Butte, created by a dam in 1916 across the Rio Grande, was constructed to provide for irrigation and flood control. The lake is 40 miles long with more than 200 miles of shoreline. The area surrounding the lake is almost wholly managed by NM State Parks. The Bureau of Reclamation, however, controls the water levels.

State Park Headquarters is 5 miles north of Truth or Consequences on Exit 83 off I-25. Maps are available at Park Headquarters.

The site hosts the largest concentration of wintering Aechmophorus grebes in the state (winter 1993-98, 6000 individuals average, 15300 individuals maximum). Large numbers of gulls and other water birds migrate through and winter here. When water levels are low, large shorebird numbers may congregate in appropriate areas in migration. Attracts large numbers of rarer water birds.
From Elephant Lake State Parks Important Bird Area webpage

About Elephant Butte Lake State Park
The National Audubon Society has designated Elephant Butte Lake State Park as an Important Bird Area.

If you like camping, fishing, boating, or just being outdoors, Elephant Butte is for you.

There is plenty of water and plenty of beach room at New Mexico’s largest State Park. Elephant Butte Lake can accommodate watercraft of many styles and sizes: kayaks, jet skis, pontoons, sailboats, ski boats, cruisers, and houseboats. Remember to wear your life jacket. Boat safe and boat smart! Besides sandy beaches, the State Park offers restrooms, picnic areas, playgrounds, and developed sites with electric and water hook-ups for RV’s.

This park is prime for waterbirds and shorebirds. Elephant Butte is the largest lake in New Mexico and is best birded between September and May. At the lake, you may see American white pelicans, thousands of western and Clark’s grebes, several terns, and unusual gulls. Some of the better birding spots are at the marinas at Long Point, Three Sisters Point, and South Monticello Point (check for shorebirds, gulls, terns, waders, and ducks). Loons are more common at the southern end of the lake. Birding on land is best from Rock Canyon south, where tall scrub and houses with plants and feeders attract numerous species. Check migrating horned lark flocks for longspurs.
From Elephant Butte Lake State Park webpage