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Bald Hill Pond, Westmore

Birding in Vermont

Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area
Westmore, Vermont 05860
Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area guide and map

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Orleans County

Bald Hill Pond – Westmore (108 acres)
Coordinates: 44.739015, -71.9771638
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About Bald Hill Pond
Bald Hill Pond is within the Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area.

Bald Hill Pond (108 acres) is a site for the Vermont LoonWatch annual survey. Birders are encouraged to volunteer as often and whenever they are able. See Join LoonWatch for details.

About Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area
Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is a 932-acre tract of land surrounding the Bald Hill Fish Culture Station. It is owned by the State of Vermont and managed by the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department. The area is located in the middle of Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom region, in the towns of Newark (Caledonia County) and Westmore (Orleans County) between the villages of West Burke and Island Pond.

Access the southern end of the WMA by parking at the Fish Culture Station. Bald Hill Pond Fishing Access is at the end of Bald Hill Pond Road.

During the early spring and summer of 1940 the Vermont “Fish and Game Service” started development of the Bald Hill “Rearing Station” by acquiring land and water supplies in the towns of Newark and Westmore. World War II interrupted the project, causing shortages of building supplies and labor. In 1946 construction of the fish culture station began, and in 1951 it produced its first lot of 200,000 young salmon.

Additional land was purchased in 1954 in order to control the outlet of Bald Hill Pond. These purchases included land from the Willoughby Lumber Company, which logged the area and operated a sawmill at Sawdust Pond prior to state acquisition. Signs of this timber operation are still evident at the site today.

The WMA is located in a high basin, with elevations ranging from 2,400 feet on the steep sides of McSherry Mountain to 1,500 feet in the southeast corner along Bean Brook. Forest cover on the hillsides is primarily sugar maple, beech, black cherry, yellow, and paper birch. A dominant feature is Bald Hill Pond, a 105-acre pond that lies almost entirely within the WMA. Sawdust Pond and Brown’s Pond are much smaller ponds located in and adjacent to the WMA. These ponds are the result of poor drainage caused by thick glacial deposits. Bean Brook drains these ponds southeast (towards the hatchery) through beaver ponds and gently sloping wetlands forested by red spruce, balsam fir, white cedar, and alder swales.

Approximately 30 acres of brushy old-field habitat lies north of the fish culture station. This habitat is maintained by periodic mowing to maintain berry and nut-producing shrubs. Other habitat improvements include maintenance of an herbaceous opening, pruning and release of wild apple trees, and periodic timber management to regenerate softwood forest for snowshoe hare habitat.

Common loons occasionally nest and are frequently observed fishing on Bald Hill Pond. Great blue herons, black ducks, common and hooded mergansers use the wetlands. The black-backed woodpecker, which is uncommon in the region, has been observed in the conifers.
From Bald Hill Wildlife Management Area guide and map